Roughly one-third of homebuyers are actually first time buyers. As a first time homebuyer, you have tons of things to learn and you don't want to make the same mistakes as other first-time buyers. 

When you're buying a home mistakes can be seriously damaging to your finances. You've probably never spent this much money before so be informed, not impulsive.

That's why it's so important to learn from the previous mistakes of other first time buyers. Rushing into buying your first home without doing your homework is dangerous.

Let's check out the worst first time home buyer mistakes. This way you can discover how you can avoid them when you buy a home. 

1. Not Knowing How Much You Can Afford 

Many first time homebuyers guess what they can afford. You immediately jump into viewing homes that are totally out of your price range.

This could go both ways. You may be spending time exploring a part of the housing market with crazy price tags. Or perhaps, you could be grossly underestimating what you can afford for your first property.

If you want to save time, you need to calculate your price range before you speak to a real estate agent. What's your budget?

Of course, your budget is usually determined by your mortgage. How much money can you borrow?

An approximate number can be discovered with a mortgage calculator. At least, you'll have a range in-which you can begin to imagine the kind of property you can afford.

It's important to keep to a broad price range. This gives you the flexibility to negotiate to get the right property for you. 

Remember, when you're working out how much you can afford, it's the monthly repayments which can put you under pressure. Don't only focus on the downpayment.

2. Only Getting One Mortgage Quote 

Did you know that around half of home buyers don't shop around for a mortgage?

Too many first time home buyers simply go with the first offer they receive for a mortgage. What are the chances this is the best quote you can get? Did you go to a bank or other big box lender that spends a ton of money on advertising? They need to give you a higher rate in order to afford that advertising. You should spend time shopping around for mortgage quotes. Brokers are typically a good option here because they do the shopping for you and tend to have cheaper rates and upfront costs (they make money by saving you money). 

There are so many factors to consider. Every mortgage lender has specific terms and conditions, closing fees and mortgage interest rates.

Even a small difference can give you huge savings. 1 percent doesn't seem like a worthwhile saving. However, you need to do the math.

Imagine you have a 1 percent difference on a mortgage for a home worth $600,000 with a $540,000 mortgage.

That's up to $300 in savings each month in repayments. That could be the difference between affording to go on vacation each year.

3. Not Checking Your Credit Score 

When you apply for a mortgage, lenders will always check your credit score. If you have a poor credit score, you'll either be rejected or given an unfavorable rate.

This can affect many people. Up to one-third of Americans have a poor credit score.

However, many first time buyers rush to speak with mortgage lenders before they have checked this credit history. This is foolish! Go to CreditKarma or a similar free scoring website to see where you stand. Their scores will be different than the lenders, but they will reflect if you have good, decent or poor credit. 

The mortgage lender wants to see a consistent record of the responsible handling of credit before they lend you hundreds of thousands of dollars. 

Of course, first of all, you need to ensure that you don't have any errors in your credit history. Around 40 million Americans have a mistake on their credit record. 

After you've ensured this has been corrected, you can work to improve your credit score overall. This includes everything from paying off any outstanding debt to responsibly organizing your finances.

Now you have adjusted your credit score, you can go back to the mortgage lender with a stronger position to negotiate a good mortgage loan.

However, your credit score isn't the only factor that is considered by mortgage lenders. 

4. Making an Overly Small Downpayment

Many first-time buyers are so eager to get on the housing market. They cannot wait until they have saved enough to go ahead.

They rush things!

They sign up to a loan without a down payment! The options are slim when it comes to zero down financing and most of what is out there is income or geographically restricted. 

It will also mean that your loan repayments are most likely much higher due to the higher interest rates these loans carry. This could cause you to regret not waiting for a bit longer to buy a home. Down payments can come as a gift, draw on your IRA or Retirement as well. 

Around ten percent of first-time buyers say that they should have waited for a bigger down payment. Learn more about how much downpayment you need. 

Nevertheless, you shouldn't focus on downpayment too much. Consider the affordability of the monthly repayments above everything else.

5. Not Benefiting From First Time Buyer Schemes

You're a first-time buyer! Make the most of the opportunity to participant in first-time buyer schemes to help you get on the housing ladder. 

There are a number of state programs to support you. And yet, many first time buyers don't take advantage of this.

You should always inquire about whether there any first time home buyer options that you're eligible for.

You do NOT need to be a first time home buyer (FTHB) for the following, but many FTHB will use one of the following loans to make their first purchase. VA loans for people who have served in the military. Or, FHA loans which overlook people with low down payments poor credit scores. There is also USDA but this is restricted to rural locations, not inside metropolitan cities. 

6. Being Confused by the Discount Points

Many first time buyers are overwhelmed by the number of decisions they've got to make when buying a home.

Mortgage discount points - what are they?

Lenders frequently offer clients "discount points" to help reduce their mortgage interest rate. But, should you accept them or not?

If you only just managed to make the downpayment required, then you definitely shouldn't start thinking about another outlay of money. Just say "no, thanks!"

However, if you have the spare cash, the decision isn't as easy. You need to do the math to work out whether it's in your interests or not. Your loan officer or mortgage broker can help you with these calculations. 

Essentially, it depends on how long you’re going to live in the property. Are you going to live there beyond the "break-even" period? 

7. Don't Go Broke When You Move in

It may be a tight squeeze to save enough money for your downpayment. And yet, you should never go completely broke!

You don't know when you're going to need some extra cash. You may need to make some repairs that you didn't consider. Always save enough money to pay any emergency costs. You don't want to find yourself in financial trouble immediately after securing your home. 

8. Using Your Credit Card Before the Sale

The period of time between when you apply for the mortgage and close the deal is absolutely crucial. This is certainly not the time to do anything foolish. This could include major purchases like buying new furniture on a credit card or taking out a loan on a car. Always wait until the deal on the house is completely closed before you make any big purchases with your credit card. If you damage your credit score during this crucial time, or increase your debt to income ratios (DTI) you could kill your deal, lose the house and whatever deposit you made. 

9. Not Shopping Around for a Mortgage First

If you have to choose between shopping around for a mortgage or viewing potential homes, it's easy to decide which is more fun. But where else do you go shopping without bringing your wallet?

You end up looking around at homes without a clue about how much you can afford or borrow. Suddenly, when you discover how much you can borrow, you're disappointed because you can't get the house of your dreams. Don’t test drive a Mercedes on a Daewoo budget!

You need to speak with a mortgage advisor before you start looking at homes. You may even be able to get preapproved for a loan on the spot. This would involve a review of your income and expenses by the lender. So make sure you have a recent paystub & W2 handy when you call. 

10. Neglect the Cost of Owning a Home

There are so many overlooked costs of homeownership. You may not know how much you need to invest in your property until you move in.

First-time homebuyers spent $33,800 on average in 2017 on renovations once they moved into their property. 

Are you considering how much your home insurance policy will cost? Have you calculated the property taxes into your monthly budget?

Buying a home is much more than the price of the property. It is a lot of responsibility and expenses as well.

After your mortgage payments, you'll have your energy and water bills each month. Ensure you have enough financial headroom to make these payments.

You can always ask how much the property seller pays in monthly bills. This can give you an estimate of what you'll need to pay.

Are You a First-Time Buyer?

You don't want to make the same mistakes as other first time buyers. Follow our tips to avoid the traps. 

From doing your homework on mortgage interest rates to saving enough money for repairs and renovations, you can learn from the errors of others. 

Get in touch with us to get a free quote and consultation on your mortgage loan. 

About the Author

Helping Seattleites buy their dream homes for over 15 years. Founder of Seattle's Mortgage Broker and author of Homeownership Simplified: The Truth about ZERO Down.